The ingenuity of the decimal place value system lies largely in its simplicity. Using only ten different digits, any number of whatever size can be expressed.

The generic representation of the Indian (Sanskrit) numerals written in Devanāgarī script in various palaeographic forms with their corresponding Indo-Arabic modern equivalents are presented below.

0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 |
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Makarandasāraṇī of Makaranda, RORI 5498

0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 |
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Makarandasāraṇī of Makaranda, ACC 3225

0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 |
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Mahādevīsāraṇī of Mahādeva, ACC 254

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 |
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Karaṇakutuhalasāraṇī of Bhāskara II, BORI 501, 1895-1902

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 |
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Mahādevīsāraṇī of Mahādeva, BORI 497, 1892-1895

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 |
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Calendar of Makaranda, BORI 546, 1895-1902

The construction of numbers 10 and upwards are done by placing the unit-numerals in conjunction based on their decimal place value as is typical in our standard Indo-Arabic numeration system.

7 | 43 | 18 | 57 | 39 | 27 | 54 | 54 | 48 | 40 |
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34 | 47 | 16 | 19 | 9 | 35 | 26 | 31 | 38 | 41 |
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